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USDA hemp Memo

Memo ya USDA HEMP - Zolemba Zonse

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Pansipa pali USDA Hemp Memo yathunthu:

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UnitedStates Dipatimenti ya Agriculture

Ofesi ya the Uphungu Wonse

Washington D.C.

2025 0-1400

GENERALCOUNSEL

Mwina 28, 2019

CHIKUMBUTSO

NKHANI:

CHIYEMBEKEZO CHOKOPA KWA ATSOPANO A HEMP Yatsopano

Pa Disembala 20, 2018, Purezidenti Trnmp.s anakhazikitsidwa mchilamulo cha Agriculture Improvement Act cha 2018, Pub. L. 115-334 (Bwalo la Zaulimi la 2018). Bizinesi ya Famu ya 2018 idaloleza kupangidwa kwa hemp pazifukwa zonse mkati mwa zigawo zomwe zalembedwa.  

Ofesi ya General Counsel (OGC) yapereka lingaliro lamalamulo lomwe likuphatikizidwa kuti lithe kuyankha mafunso okhudza sev. gawo lina lazakudya zokhudzana ndi hemp za 2018 Bill Bill, kuphatikiza: kuchotsedwa kwa oyendetsa ndege za hemp mu Agricultural Act ya 2014 (2014 Farm Bill) (Gawo 7605); Kusintha kwa Agricultural Marketing Act wa 1946 kuti dziko la America ndi India liziwongolera kupanga kwa hemp kapena kutsata dongosolo la Department of Agriculture (USDA) loyang'anira ntchito yopanga hemp (Gawo 10113); makonzedwe othandiza kuti mayendedwe aulere kwaulere (Gawo 10114); ndi kuchotsedwa kwa hemp ku Controlled Sub zinthu Act (Gawo 12619).

Malingaliro ofunikira a malingaliro a malamulo a OGC ndi awa:

  1. Ponena ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa lamulo lapaulimi la 2018 pa Disembala 20, 2018, hemp yachotsedwa mundandanda ya I ya Controlled Sub zinthu Act ndipo salinso chinthu cholamulidwa.
  2. USDA itasindikiza malamulo oyendetsera ntchito yatsopano yopanga hemp ya 2018 Fa1m Bill yopezeka mu Agricultural Marketing Act ya 1946, mayiko a America ndi India sangathe kuletsa kusintha kwa pakati kapena kutumiza kwa hemp mwalamulo pansi pa pulani ya State kapena Tribal kapena pansi pa layisensi. yoperekedwa pansi pa USDA
  3. Mayiko ndi amitundu aku India sangatiletsenso kayendedwe kapena kutumiza kwa hemp zovomerezeka movomerezeka ndi Famu ya 2014
  4. Munthu wokhala ndi Boma kapena Federal felony yokhudzana ndi chinthu cholamulidwa amaloledwa kuletsa zaka 10 kuletsa kupanga hemp pansi pa Agricultural Marketing Act of An kusiyira ntchito kwa munthu yemwe anali kukula mwalamulo mchilamulo chaulimi cha 2014 kale Disembala 20, 2018, ndi omwe chitsimikizo chake chidachitika tsiku lomweli lisanachitike.

MEMORANDUM Meyi 28, 2019

Tsamba2

Ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa 2018 Farm Bill, hemp ikhoza kukhala yokhayo (I) yokhala ndi chilolezo chovomerezeka cha USDA, (2) pansi pa kayendetsedwe ka StateA-State State kapena Tribal, kapena (3) pansi paulamuliro woyendetsa ndege wa mafakitale wa 2014 Farm Bill hemp. . Ulamuliro woyendetsa ndegewo udzatha chaka chimodzi kuchokera ku USDA kukhazikitsa dongosolo lopereka ziphaso za USDA motsatira lamulo la 2018 Farm Bill.

Ndikofunikira kuti anthu azindikire kuti lamulo la famu ya chaka cha 2018 limasunga ulamulilo waku America ndi mafuko aku India kukhazikitsa ndi kukhazikitsa malamulo oyang'anira Kupanga a hemp omwe amakhala olimba kuposa malamulo a Federal. Chifukwa chake, ngakhale kuti boma kapena fuko la India silingaletse kutumizidwa kwa hemp kudzera mu Boma kapena Tribal teRRitory, ikhoza kupitiliza kukhazikitsa malamulo a Boma kapena a Tribal oletsa kukula kwa hemp mu Boma kapena Tribal teRRitory.

Ndikofunikanso kutsindika kuti lamulo la famu ya chaka cha 2018 silikhudza kapena kusintha ulamuliro wa Secretary of Health and Human Services kapena Commissioner of Chakudya ndi Mankhwala kuti athe kuwongolera hemp pansi pa malamulo a US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

USDA ikuyembekeza kupereka malamulo oyendetsera olamulira atsopano opanga hemp mu 2019.

Dipatimenti ya Ulimi ya United States

Ofesi ya General Uphungu

Washington D.C.

20250-1400

STEPHEN            ER VADEN

MALANGIZO OGULITSA

Mwina 28, 2019

CHIKUMBUTSO CHA SONNY PERDUE SECRETARY WA ZOLIMA

NKHANI:      

 KULEMEKEZA KWAULERE KWA ZINSINSI ZA CERTAIN ZA MALO OTSILIZA AGRICULTURE IMBONSE YA 2018 KUTUMIKIRA KWA HEMP

Chikumbutsochi chimapereka malingaliro anga azamalamulo kuti ndipezenso zofunikira za Agriculture Improvement Act ya 1. ("2018 Bill Bill"), Pu_b. L No. 2018-115, yokhudzana ndi hemp.

Monga tafotokozera pansipa, Chikumbutso ichi chikutsiriza follQwing:

  1. Malinga ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa 2018 Fam1 Bill pa Disembala 20, 2018, hemp yachotsedwa1 kuchokera pa ndandanda I ya Lamulo Loyang'anira Zinthu ("CSA") ndipo salinso Hemp yolamulidwa yomwe ikufotokozedwa pansi pa 2018 Fa1m Bill kuphatikiza china chilichonse chamba chomera, kapena chotengera chake, chomwe chimakhala choposa 0.3% ya delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (“THC”) ya maziko olimba.
  2. Depaitment of Agriculture ikatha ("USDA" kapena "Depa1tment") itulutsa malamulo ogwiritsira ntchito katemera wa 2018 Farm Bill omwe ali pamutu wa G wa Agricultural Marketing Act wa 1946 ("AMA; '), States ndi mafuko aku India mwina sangatero. Kuletsa mayendedwe apakati kapena kutumiza kwa hemp yolembedwa mwalamulo pansi pa State kapena Tribal plan kapena pansi pa layisensi yoperekedwa ndi departmental
  3. Mayiko ndi Amwenye sangathe kuletsa mayendedwe ochokera kumayiko ena kapena kutumiza ma hemp opangidwa movomerezeka ndi Agricultural Act of 2014 ("2014 Farm Bill").
  4. A Munthu wokhala ndi boma kapena Federal felony yokhudzana ndi chinthu cholamulidwa amaloledwa kuletsa zaka 10 kuletsa kupanga hemp mololedwa G mwa AMA. Kupatula kumakhudzana ndi munthu yemwe anali wovomerezeka mwalamulo pachilolezo cha 2014 Frum Bill asanafike pa Disembala 20, 2018, komanso wotsimikiza mtima wake adakhudzidwanso tsikulo.

Chikumbukirochi chikugogomezeranso mbali ziwiri zofunika kwambiri za lamulo la Famu ya Zapulogalamu ya 2018 yokhudza hemp. Choyamba, Boma la Zaulimi la 2018 limasunga ulamulilo wa States ndi mafuko aku India kuti akhazikitse ndikukhazikitsa malamulo omwe amayang'anira Kupanga (koma osati zoyendera kapena zogulitsa) za hemp zomwe ndizolimba kuposa malamulo a Federal. Mwachitsanzo, lamulo la Boma loletsa kukula kapena kulima kwa hemp likhoza kupitilizabe kukhazikitsidwa ndi Boma. Chachiwiri, Bill Farm ya 2018 sikukhudza kapena kusintha ulamuliro wa Secretary of Health and Human Services kapena Commissioner of Chakudya ndi Mankhwala osokoneza bongo pansi pa malamulo a US Food and Drug Administration.

  1. MALANGIZO

Th62018 Famu Yaulimi, Pub. L. No. 115-334, yomwe idakhazikitsidwa pa Disembala 20, 2018, imaphatikizapo zinthu zingapo zokhudzana ndi hemp.1 Malingaliro amilandu awa amayang'ana magawo 7605, 10113, 10114, ndi 12619, omwe afotokozedwa mwachidule.

  • Gawo 7605 imasintha gawo 7606 la 2014 Bill Bill (7 USC § 5940), yomwe imapatsa mwayi mabungwe azam'maphunziro apamwamba kapena kuchepa kwa boma kwaulimi kuti azikulitsa kapena kulima hemp yamafuta munthawi zina - ngati, ngati hemp idalimidwa kapena kulimidwa chifukwa chofufuzira Boma lomwe limalola kupanga hemp. Mwazina, gawo 7605 limathandizira mu 2014 Bill Bill § 7606 kuti Secretary of Agriculture ("Secretary") achite kafukufuku wa izi hemp kafukufuku wa prograJ11 ndikupereka lipoti ku Congress. Gawo 7605 likuchotsanso Frum Bill§ 2014 ya 7606, kuyambira chaka chimodzi kuchokera tsiku lomwe Secretary Secretary adakhazikitsa pulani pansi pa gawo 297C la 2
  • Gawo 10113 aJ11 amalimbikitsa AMA powonjezera gawo latsopanoli G (magawo 297A kudzera 297E) (7 USC §§ 16390 -1639s) yokhudzana ndi kupanga kwa hemp. Pansi pa ulamuliro watsopanowu, dziko kapena fuko la India lomwe likufuna kukhala ndiulamuliridwe wakupanga wa hemp m'bomalo kapena gawo la mtunduwo wa India ungapereke, kuti avomereze Secretary, malingaliro okhudzana ndi kuwunikira ndi kukhazikitsa kupanga hemp .. Onani AMA § 297B. A States kapena mafuko aku India omwe alibe - anavomera mapulani, Mlembi amatsogozedwa kuti akhazikitse dongosolo la Dipatimenti yokhudza kuwunika ndikuwongolera kapangidwe ka hemp m'malo amenewo. Onani AMA§ 297C. Pulogalamu ya

1 The Fann Bill ya 2014 imatanthauzira "Mafakitale hemp" monga "chomera chimbudzi malovu L. ndi gawo lililonse la chomera choterocho, kaya chikukula kapena ayi, chokhala ndi delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol osapitilira 0.3 peresenti pa kulemera kowuma." 7 USC Kamutu 5940 (a) (2). Fann Bill wa 2018 adawonjezera kutanthauzira kwatsopano, kosiyana pang'ono wa "hemp" mu gawo 297A la AMA, lotchedwa "chamba malovu L. ndi prui aliyense wa chomeracho, kuphatikiza mbewu zake ndi zotumphukira zonse, zowonjezera, ma cannabinoids, isomers, zidulo, mchere, ndi mchere wa ma isom, kaya akukula kapena ayi . 9 USC

  • 16390 (1). Matanthauzidwe onsewa amafuna kuti a TC azikhala osaposa 0.3 peresenti kuti chomera cha Cannabis sativa L. chiziwalika ngati hemp motsutsana ndi chamba. Pazolinga zamalamulo awa, ndimagwiritsa ntchito mawu "Hemp" ndi "Mafakitale hemp" mosinthika.

2 Lipoti la Msonkhano lomwe likutsatira Fann Bill wa 2018 likufotokoza momwe kuchotsedwaku kumathandizira motere: 297C wa [AMA]. ” HR REP. Na. 115-1072, pa 699 (2018). ·

Secretary amafunikanso kukhazikitsa malamulo ndi malangizo oyendetsera subtitle

  1. Onani AMA § 297D. Ulamuliro watsopano umaperekanso tanthauzo (onani AMA § 297A) ndi chilolezo chovomerezeka (onani AMA § 297E).
  • Gawo 10114 (7 UC § 16390 notshi) ndi makonzedwe obwera onena kuti palibe mutu wa X wa Bill Farm wa 2018 waletsa malonda azaka za hemp kapena hemp. Gawo 10114 limaperekanso kuti mafuko a America ndi India sangaletse kayendedwe kapena kutumiza kwa zinthu za hemp kapena hemp zopangidwa molingana ndi subtitle G kudzera State kapena teititory a fuko la India.
  • Gawo 12619 ikusintha CSA kuti isachotse hemp pamawu osonyeza chamba cha CSA Gawo 1 619 imathetsansoCSA kuchotsa THC mu hemp kuchokera ku Ndandanda I.3 \ ::

Popereka lamulo lowonjezera laulimi la 2018, Congress idavomereza kupanga ma hemp pazolinga zonse mkati mwa zigawozo koma osungidwa ku United States ndi mafuko aku India kuti athe kukhazikitsa ndi kukhazikitsa malamulo okhwima omwe amayang'anira kupanga hemp.

  1. ANALYSIS
  1. Monga za Kukwaniritsidwa kwa Bungwe la Fa2018m la 1 pa Disembala 20120181 Hemp Yachotsedwa Kuchokera pa Ndandanda I cha Dongosolo Loyendetsa Zinthu ndipo Sulinso Wowongolera.

CSA § 102 (6) imafotokoza. . . . ” 21 USC Kamutu 802 (6). Chamba4 ndichinthu cholamulidwa chomwe chidalembedwa mu ndandanda yoyamba ya CSA. Onani CSA § 202 (c) (10), ndandanda I (21 USC § 812 (c), Ndondomeko I (c) (l0)); 21 CFR § 1308.ll (d) (23).

Bili la Famu ya 2018 lidasintha CSA m'njira ziwiri.

  • Choyamba, 2018 Farm Bill§ 12619 (a) adasintha tanthauzo la CSA la chamba kuti asatengere h mp. Asanakhazikitsidwe kwa Lipoti la Fam2018 la 1, CSA§ 102 (16) (21 USC 802 (16)) adalongosola chamba motere:
  • Mawu oti 'marihuana' amatanthauza magawo onse a chamba Cannabis sativa L., ngakhale akukula kapena ayi; mbewu zake; utomoni wotengedwa kuchokera pa1t iliyonse ya chomera choterocho; ndipo pakhungu lililonse, popanga, mchere, chochokera, chisakanizo, kapena kukonzekera kwa chomeracho, mbewu zake kapena res Tetm imeneyi sikuphatikiza mapesi okhwima a chomera choterocho, ulusi wopangidwa kuchokera ku mapesi otere, mafuta kapena keke yopangira mbewu za mbewuyo , china chilichonse, kupanga, mchere, zotumphukira, kusakaniza, kapena kukonzekera mapesi okhwima (kupatula utomoni womwe udatengedwa pamenepo), fiber, mafuta, kapena keke

3 Zambiri zakutsogolo · pa hemp kupanga zisanachitike kukhazikitsidwa kwa 2018 Fann Bi.II, onani Congressional Research Service, "Hemp ngati Chikhalidwe Chaulimi" (RL32725) (yasinthidwa pa Julayi 9, 2018), zipilamatha at https: // crkusokosera.congress.gov/product/pdf/RL/RL32725.

4 Lingaliro ili limagwiritsa ntchito kalembedwe wamba ka "chamba" kupatula polemba mawu a CSA, omwe amagwiritsa ntchito kalembedwe ka "marihuana".

kapena mbewu yoyesedwa ya mbewu yotere yomwe singathe kumera.

Monga momwe kukapangidwira ndi Bill Farm wa 2018, tanthauzo la CSA pankhani ya chamba pano:

  • Kutengera gawo laling'ono (B); mawu oti 'marihuana' amatanthauza magawo onse a chamba chamba sativa , kaya akukula kapena ayi; mbewu zake; utoto wotengedwa ku chilichonse chomera; ndipo chilichonse, kupanga, mchere, zochokera, zosakaniza, kapena kukonza mbewu, Mbewu zake kapena utomoni.
  • Mawu oti 'marihuana' samaphatikizapo
  • hemp, monga tafotokozera mu gawo 297A la Agricultural Marketing Act la 1946; kapena

8.

  • mapesi okhwima a chomera choterocho, ulusi wopangidwa kuchokera ku mapesi otere; mafuta kapena keke zopangidwa kuchokera ku

Mbeu za mbewu zotere, zina zilizonse, zimapanga, mchere, zotengera, zosakaniza wa mapesi okhwima (kupatula utomoni wa tsambalo), ulusi, mafuta, kapena keke, kapena mbewu chosawilitsidwa cha chomera chomwe sichitha kumera.

  • Chachiwiri, 2018 Farm Bill§ 12619 (b) adasintha CSA kuti ichotse THC mu hemp pamawu oti "tetrahydrocannabinols" munthawi yake Monga idasinthidwira ndi 2018 Farm Bill, CSA
  • 202 (c) (l 7), ndandanda ya I (21 USC § 812 (c) (l 7), ndandanda I) tsopano yawerenga:

Tetrahydrocannabinols, kupatula tetrahydrocannabinols in hemp (monga tafotokozera Pansi pa gawo

297A ya Agricultural Marketing Act ya 1946).

Ndikukonza tanthauzo la chamba kuti sichikupatula hemp monga momwe AMA § 297A imakhalira, Congress yachotsa hemp pa ndandanda I ndikuchichotsa kwathunthu ku CSA. Mwanjira ina, hemp sakhalanso chinthu cholamulidwa. Komanso, pokonza ndandanda I kupatula THC mu hemp, Congress imachotsanso THC mu hemp ku CSA.

Ndikofunikira kudziwa kuti kuwongolera kumene kwa hemp (ndi THC mu hemp) ndikudzipha. Ngakhale malamulo oyendetsera CSA akuyenera kusinthidwa kuti awonetse kusintha kwa maofesi a zaulimi ku 2018 ku CSA, ngakhale kusindikiza kwa malamulo omwe asinthidwa kapena kuchitapo kanthu sikofunikira kuchita izi.

Ndimalankhula pano ziwiri zotsutsana ndikuganiza kuti kudziwitsidwa kwa hemp ndikudzipha. Chotsutsa choyamba ndikuti, chifukwa malamulo sanasindikizidwe pansi pa CSA

  • 201, kusintha kwamalamulo kuti akonzekere hemp sikugwira ntchito. Izi sizoyenera.

Njira zomwe zimagwiritsidwira ntchito pokonzanso ndandanda ya CSA zimadukiza. Pansi pa CSA

  • 201 (a), Attorney General "atha mwa lamulo" kuwonjezera, kuchotsa, kapena kusamutsa pakati pa ndandanda, mankhwala aliwonse kapena zinthu zina popanga zotsatira zina. 21 USC
  • 81l (a). Komabe, magawoli amathanso kusinthidwa mwachindunji ndi Congress kudzera pakusintha kwa lamulo; ndipo Congress idachita kangapo.5

Onani, mwachitsanzo, Pub. L. I 12-144, § 1152 (kukonza ndandanda I kuti ndiziwonjezera othandizira cannabimimetic); Pub. L. 101-647,

  • 1902 (a) (kukonza ndandanda ya Ill kuti ikwaniritse anabolic steroids).

Chotsutsa chachiwiri ndichakuti, chifukwa kusintha kwa malamulo pakusintha hemp sikunawonekere mu 21 CFR § 1308.11, kuchotsedwa sikunakhale kogwira ntchito. Kutsutsa kumeneku sikokwanira.

Ndizosangalatsa kuti malamulo a lipenga.  Onani Nat '/ Family Planning & Reprod. Health Ass'n, Inc.ndi Gonzales, 468 F.3d 826,829 (DC Cir. 2006) ("[A] malamulo ovomerezeka nthawi zonse amapambana pamalamulo otsutsana [.]"). Congress idakhazikitsa madongosolo asanu a CSA malinga ndi lamulo, kutinso "magawo azoyambira azikhala ndi zinthu zomwe zalembedwazi." 21

USC § 812 (a) .6 Congress idanenanso kuti "[nd] ndondomeko zomwe zakhazikitsidwa mgawoli zisinthidwa ndikusindikizidwanso kawiri pachaka mzaka ziwiri zoyambira chaka chimodzi kuyambira Okutobala 27, 1970, ndipo zisinthidwa ndipo amasindikizidwanso chaka ndi chaka pambuyo pake. ” 21 USC Kamutu 812 (a). Chofunikira chokhazikitsanso ndi kusindikizanso ndandanda, komabe, sichofunikira kuti magwiridwe antchito "akhazikitsidwa ndi [lamuloli]." Id Mu zina

mawu, pomwe Congress yomwe ikukonza magawo kuti awonjezere kapena kuchotsa chinthu cholamulidwa, kuwonjezerapo kapena kuchotsa zinthu zomwe zalamulirazo zikugwira ntchito nthawi yomweyo polembetsa (kusakhalapo tsiku lina lalamulo); kuwonjezera kwake kapena kuchotsera pamadongosolo sikudalira Rulemaking.7

Mwachitsanzo, Congress idasintha CSA mu 2012 kuti iwonjezere "ma cannabimimetic agents" kuti akonzekere I.

Kusintha kumeneku kunakhazikitsidwa ngati gawo la Synthetic Duse Abuse Prevention Act ya2012 (Pub.

  1. 112-144, mutu XI, mutu wa D), womwe udasainidwa kukhala lamulo pa Julayi 9, 2012. Pafupifupi miyezi isanu ndi umodzi pambuyo pake, Drug Enforment Administration ("DEA") idasindikiza lamulo lomaliza lokhazikitsa malamulo azamankhwala omwe akuwonjezerapo Ndandanda ya Congress ndi kusintha kwina kofanana ndi momwe ndapangidwira mu 21 CFR § 1308.11. Onani 78 Fed. Reg. 664 (Jan. 4, 2013). Pofotokoza chifukwa chake kuwongolera makalata kunali kosafunikira, DEA inanena kuti
    • “Kusungidwa kwa zinthu 26 izi mu Dongosolo I zayamba kale kuyambira Julayi 9, " Id pa 665 (kutsindika). Mwa kuyankhula kwina, kusintha kwa malamulo kwa tl1e ndinayamba kugwiritsa ntchito nthawi yomweyo. Kuwunikira kwa kusintha kumeneko mu 21 CFR § 1308.11, ngakhale kufunikira ndi 21 USC § 812 (a), sizinali zofunikira kuti zisinthe izi kuti zikwaniritse dongosolo I.

Chifukwa chake, kukhazikitsidwa kwa Bill Farm wa 2018 kwakwaniritsa kuchotsedwa kwa hemp (ndi THC mkati

hemp8 kuchokera ku CSA. Kusintha zosintha ku 21 CFR § 1308.11, pomwe zikufunikira monga pm

6 "Marihuana" ndi "Tetrahydrocannabinols" onsewa adaphatikizidwa ndi ndandanda yoyamba yomwe ndidakhazikitsa Congress mu 1970.

7 CJ United States v. Huerta, 547 F.2d 545, 547 (10th Cir. 1977) ("[F] kulephera kufalitsa 'zomwe zasinthidwa' malinga ndi Gawo 812 (a) sizinakhudze kutsimikizika kwa zinthu zomwe zidalembedwa kale mundandanda wachisanu.”); United States v. Monroe, 408 F. Supp. 270,274 (ND Cal. 1976) ("Chifukwa chake, pomwe gawo 812 (a) likuwongolera magawo olamulidwa kuti athe kusindikizidwanso, it zikuwonekeratu kuti Congress sinali ndi cholinga chobwereranso m'malo kuyambiranso kwa madongosolo, omwe ngati atachitika molakwika angapangitse kuti madongosolowo atheretu ndipo atha ntchito ………………………… [T] iye

chofunikira kuti madongosolowo, akangosinthidwa, 'asindikizidwenso' anali cholinga chokhazikitsa mndandanda umodzi womwe udzawonetse zinthu zonse zomwe pakadali pano zikugwirizana ndi zomwe Lamulo lalamula …………………………………… ……………………………………………… .. ”).

8 Ndandanda ya I, monga momwe yasindikizidwa mu 21 CFR § 1308.11, ikuphatikiza tanthauzo la "tetrahydrocannabinols" m'ndime (d) (3I) yomwe sichipezeka mu CSA. Ngakhale panali chiwonetserochi m'malamulo a cw · rent, ine

Udindo wopitilirabe wa DEA wofalitsa ndandanda zosinthidwa, sikofunikira kuti pakhale kusintha kwa Bill Farm kwa 2018 kuti pakhale ndandanda I.9 ·

B.            Dipatimenti ya Zamalonda Ikasindikiza Malamulo Kukhazikitsa Zoyeserera za Hemp za 2018 Bill Bill Yopezeka M'mutu wa G wa Agricultural Marketing Act wa 1946, States and Indian Tribes Mwina Sangaletse Kutumiza Kwawo Kwawo kapena Kutumiza Kwa Hemp Lawfnlly Yotulutsidwa Pansi pa Boma Kapena Mtundu Konzani kapena Pansi pa License Yotulutsidwa Pansi pa Dipatimenti ya Dipatimenti. 

AMA § 297D (a) (l) (A) amalamula Secretary kuti apereke malamulo ndi malangizo "mwachangu momwe angathere" kukhazikitsa mutu wa G wa AMA. 7 USC § 1639r (a) (l) (A) .. Malamulowa athetsa kuvomerezedwa kwa mapulani aboma ndi mafuko motsogozedwa ndi AMA § 297B ndikupereka ziphaso pansi pa pulani ya departmental pansi pa AMA § 297C. Monga tafotokozera pansipa, malamulowa akangosindikizidwa, mayiko aku India ndi Amwenye sangaletse mayendedwe amtundu wa hemp (kuphatikiza mankhwala a hemp) opangidwa molingana ndi dongosolo lovomerezeka la State kapena Tribal kapena lolemba pansi pa layisensi yoperekedwa ndi Dipatimenti ya Dipatimenti.

Kutumiza kwa hemp kumayendetsedwa mu 2018 Farm Bill§ 10114.10 Gawo lapa (a) limapereka:

  • RULE OF -Zosavomerezeka pamutuwu kapena kusintha komwe kwachitika ndi mutuwu kumaletsa malonda azaka za hemp (monga akufotokozedwera m'ndime 297A ya Agricultural Marketing Act ya 1946 (monga yawonjezeredwa ndi gawo 10113) kapena zinthu za hemp.

7 USC § 16390 makalata. Izi zikusonyeza kuti palibe chilichonse mumutu X wa Bill Fann wa 2018

ndili ndi lingaliro kuti THC mu hemp sikuphatikizidwa ku THC monga ndandanda yomwe ndimayiona pansi pa CSA chifukwa cha kusintha kwa maulimi a 2018 Farm.

9 Ndandanda I, monga akuwonetsera mu 21 CFR § 1308.11, imaphatikizaponso mndandanda wina wa "chamba cha marihuana" mundime

(d) (58). Kuchotsa chamba sikuwonetsedwa mu ndandanda yoyamba mu lamuloli chifukwa idawonjezedwa pambuyo pa! 970 malinga ndi lamulo pansi pa CSA § 201. Mawu oti "marihuana extract" amatanthauziridwa mu lamulo ngati "chotsitsa chomwe chili ndi chimodzi kapena zingapo cannabinoids omwe amachokera ku chomera chilichonse cha mtundu wa Cannabis, kupatula utomoni wopatukana (kaya zopanda pake kapena zopukutidwa) zopangidwa kuchokera ku chomeracho. ” Bill Farm ya 2018 idasintha tanthauzo la "marihuana" kuti lisaphatikizidwe hemp, koma chifukwa tanthauzo lokhazikika la "marihuana extract" munthawi yake sindigwiritsa ntchito mawu oti "marihuana" kapena "teb · ahydrocannabinols" kutanthauzira tenn, funso likubwera ngati katemera wa hemp akadali amawerengedwa kuti adalembedwa ngati ndandanda yomwe ndimayang'anira zinthu. Ngakhale kuti vutoli silinafotokozedwenso, Ndikuganiza kuti tanthauzo lokhazikitsidwa mwalamulo la "marihuana" lakhala likuchotsa dothi la hemp kuchokera pa ndandanda yoyamba, ndikuwonetsa izi mu 21 CFR  § 1308.1I (d) (58) zitha kungokhala kusintha kosintha. ·

10 Kuyendera kwa Hemp kumayankhulidwanso pazochita za pachaka, zomwe zimabweza ndalama zothandizidwa ndi Federal Kugwiritsidwa ntchito poletsa transpmtation ya hemp. Komabe, zoperekazi ndizochepa pamlingo chifukwa amangolankhula hemp yokha yopangidwa pansi paulamuliro wa 2014 Fann Bill, ndipo amangolankhula Federal zochita zaboma. Ndiye kuti, pomwe malamulowa amaletsa ochita zisankho ku Federal kuti asatseke mayendedwe a zomwe zimatchedwa "2014 Farm Bill hemp, ”samaletsa boma kuchitapo kanthu in pankhaniyi. Onani Agriculture, Rural Developmerit, Chakudya ndi Mankhwala Ntchito Zoyang'anira, ndi Maofesi Ena Ogwirizana, 2019, Pub. L. 116-6, div. B, § 728 (yoletsa ndalama zoperekedwa ndi lamuloli kapena lamulo lina lililonse kuti lisagwiritsidwe ntchito motsutsana ndi 2014 Farm Bill§ 7606 kapena "to Kuletsat ndi transportation1  processing, zogulitsa, or use of makampanil hemp, or mbewus of such Chomera, kuti is wachikulire or amalimidwa molingana ndi [2014 Farm Bill§ 7606], mkati kapena kunja kwa Boma komwe kuli hemp ya mafakitale wakula kapena kulimidwa ”). Onaninso Ntchito Zamalonda, Zachilungamo, Sayansi, ndi Zogwirizana Zazovomerezeka, 2019, Pub.

  1. 116-6, div. C, § 536 ("Palibe ndalama zomwe zidaperekedwa ndi lamuloli zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito posemphana [2014 Farm Bill§ 7606] ndi department of Justice kapena Drug Enforuction Administration.").

Imaletsa kuphatikiza kwapakati pa hemp. Komabe, izi, zoyimira payekha, zilibe vuto loletsa kayendedwe ka hemp ku States kapena malo a Tribal komwe mayendedwe otero ali oletsedwa pansi pa malamulo a State kapena Tribal.

Gawo (b), komabe, limaletsa mayiko aku America ndi mafuko aku India kuti alepheretse mayendedwe a hemp kudzera m'chigawo chadzikolo kapena chamtundu. Gawo (b) limapereka

  • KUKONZEDWA KWA HEMP NDI HEMP - Palibe boma kapena India Chuma choletsa transp011ation kapena kutumiza kwa hemp kapena hemp prodLttures yopangidwa in malinga ndi mawu apansi G a Agricultural Marketing Act ya 1946 (monga yawonjezedwa ndi gawo 10113) kudzera ku Boma kapena gawo khumi la Indian Tribe, momwe zingagwire ntchito.

7 USC § 16390 makalata. M'malo mwake, izi zimalimbikitsa malamulo aboma malinga ndi malamulo aboma

imaletsa transpate transp011ation kapena kutumiza kwa hemp yomwe yapangidwa molingana ndi gawo laling'ono la G la AMA.

Monga lamulo lamalamulo oyendetsera dziko lino, "[t] Supremacy Clause akupereka lamulo lomveka bwino loti malamulo aboma 'adzakhala Lamulo lalikulu kwambiri mdziko; ndipo oweruza mdziko lililonse adzafunika kumangidwa, Chilichonse mu Constitution kapena Malamulo amtundu uliwonse [W] aliyense wotsutsana ndi izi .... ' Pansi pa mfundo iyi, Congress ili ndi mphamvu zoletsa malamulo [a] tate. ” Arizona v. United States, 567

US 387, 398-99 (2012) (potchula luso la US Const. VI, cl. 2). "Malinga ndi chiphunzitso cha federal preemption, lamulo la fedulo limalowetsa m'malo kapena kusinthana ndi malamulo osagwirizana [S]. United States v. Zadeh, 820 FJd 746, 751 (5 Cir. 2016).

Mabwalo amilandu aku Federal nthawi zambiri amazindikira mitundu itatu yamilandu yoperekera ufulu: (1) kufotokozera ufulu (pomwe Congress "imachotsa" mphamvu kuchokera ku Boma kudzera "pachilolezo chololeza"); 11 (2) kuwomboledwa kumunda (komwe mayiko "saloledwa kukhazikitsa malamulo Kuyendetsa zinthu zomwe Congress, malinga ndi udindo wake woyenera, yatsimikiza kuti ziyenela kutsatilidwa ndi utsogoleri wake wokha ”;12 ndi kusamvana pakumenyana (pomwe malamulo a Boma amalekerera akamatsutsana ndi malamulo a Federal, omwe amaphatikizapo zochitika "momwe 'kutsatira malamulo onse a feduro ndi [S] kuli kosatheka'" kapena mikhalidwe "pomwe malamulo [a S] ovutawo ' ndi cholepheretsa kukwaniritsa ndi kukwaniritsa zolinga zonse za Congress ”').13 Arizona, 567 US ku 399-400 (mawu osiyidwa); onaninso Zadeh, 820 F.3d pa 751.

11 Onani, Mwachitsanzo, 7 USC § 1639i (b) ("(b) Federal preemption.-Palibe Boma kapena zigawo zazandale za State zitha khazikitseni mwachindunji kapena mwanjira inayake pansi paulamuliro uliwonse kapena pitilizani kuchita kanthu monga chakudya kapena mbewu iliyonse mkati mwamalonda chofunikira chilichonse chokhudzana ndi kulemba ngati chakudya (kuphatikiza chakudya chomwe chimaperekedwa ku lesitilanti kapena malo enaake) kapena mbewu ndizopangidwa mwanjira yobadwa nayo (zomwe ziphatikizira mawu ofanana ndi omwe atsimikiziridwa ndi Secretary of Agriculture) kapena adapangidwa kapena kupanga pogwiritsa ntchito majini, kuphatikiza zofunikira zilizonse zonena kuti chakudya kapena mbewu ili kapena ili ndi chinthu chomwe chidapangidwa kapena kupanga pogwiritsa ntchito majini. ”).

12 Onani, mwachitsanzo, Pac. Mafuta & Elec. Co v. State Energy Res. Kusamalira & Dev. Comm 'n, 461 US 190,212 ("[T] iye waboma wagwira gawo lonse lachitetezo cha zida za nyukiliya, kupatula mphamvu zochepa zomwe zafotokozedwera kwa [S] mateti.").

  • n Onani, mwachitsanzo, 21 USC 903 ("Palibe gawo ili laling'ono lomwe lidzafotokozeredwe ngati likusonyeza kuti Congress ikufuna kutenga gawo lomwe malamulowo akugwirako ntchito, kuphatikiza zilango zaupandu, kupatula lamulo lililonse la State pankhani yomweyi yomwe ingatero Kupanda kutero khalani pansi paulamulilo wa boma, pokhapokha ngati pali

Gawo 10114 (b) la 2018 Fann Bill likukwaniritsa tanthauzo lothana ndi nkhondo chifukwa lamulo la boma loletsa kayendedwe kapena kutumiza kwa zinthu za hemp kapena hemp zomwe zapangidwa molingana ndi gawo laling'ono la G la AMA lingasemphane ndi Gawo 10114 (b), lomwe likupereka kuti palibe Boma lomwe lingaletse kugwira ntchito zotere.14 Chifukwa chake, malamulo aboma aliwonse akhazikitsidwa ndi Congress. Zotsatira zomwezi zikugwiranso ntchito ku mafuko aku India.15

Zambiri, malamulo akakhazikitsidwa atasindikizidwa, mafuko a America ndi India sangathe kuletsa kutumizidwa kwa boma kwa boma motsogozedwa ndi pulani ya State kapena Tribal kapena pansi pa layisensi yoperekedwa ndi dongosolo la Dipatimenti.

C.            Ma Stlites ndi Mitundu Yaku India Sizingaletse Kuyenda Kwawo kapena Kutumiza Kwa Hemp Kovomerezeka Mwalamulo Pansi pa Lamulo la Zaulimi la 2014.

Chifukwa cha 2018 Fmm Bill sichimachotsa pomwepo woyendetsa ndege wa hemp mu 2014 Bill Bill § 7606 - komanso chifukwa kufalitsa malamulo omwe akutsatira zomwe a Fann Bill aku 2018 sizingachitike mpaka mu 2019 - funso likubwera ngati States. ndi mafuko aku India saloledwa kutsekereza mayendedwe akunja kapena kutumiza ma hemp (kuphatikiza mankhwala a hemp) opangidwa movomerezeka pansi pa 2014 Fmm Bill. Yankho lake limadalira tanthauzo la mawu oti "molingana ndi mutu wa G wa Agricultural MarketingActof1946" mu2018FmmBill § 10114 (b) (7U.SC § 1639onote). Ndi hemp yokhayo yomwe imapangidwa molingana ndi kamutu kakang'ono ka G komwe kamaphimbidwa ndimakonzedwe okonzekera omwe takambirana pamwambapa. Monga tafotokozera pansipa, ndikuganiza kuti yankho la funsoli ndi inde, pogwiritsa ntchito AMA § 297B (f).

AMA§ 297B (f) ikufotokoza zakuwongolera kwazomwe zaloleza mayiko ndi mayiko a India kuti apange mapulani ogwiritsira ntchito ulamuliro wanthawi zonse pakupanga hemp mkati mwa Boma kapena gawo la fuko la India. Makamaka, gawo 297B (f) limapereka:

(f) ETSHO.Palibe gawo ili lomwe likuletsa kupangidwa kwa hemp ku Boma kapena malo a fuko la India-

(!) yomwe mapulani a State kapena Tribal silivomerezedwa pansi pa gawo ili, ngati kupanga hemp kuli motsatira gawo 297C kapena malamulo ena a Federal (kuphatikiza malamulo); ndi

(2) ngati kupanga hemp sikuletsedwa mwanjira ina ndi Boma kapena India.

mkangano wabwino pakati pamalamulo amtunduwu ndi lamulo la Boma kuti onse awiriwa asayime limodzi. ”).

Mwanjira ina, gawo 14 (b) lingaonedwe ngati mwayi wopemphedwa chifukwa lamulo limapereka mphamvu za State State yoletsa kayendedwe kapena kutumiza kwa zinthu za hemp kapena hemp kudzera mu Boma.

15 AMA§ 297B (a) (3) ili ndi lamulo lotsutsa-kukhululukidwa ponena kuti palibe chilichonse mu § 297B (a) "chomwe chimayesa kapena kuletsa malamulo aliwonse aboma kapena amwenye" ​​omwe amawongolera kupanga hemp "ndipo" ali ovuta kuposa [mutu G] .11 TU.SC Kamutu J639p (a) (3). Komabe, mwayi wotsutsana ndi chiwongolerowu umangokhala wa Kupanga wa hemp - osati mayendedwe kapena kutumizidwa kwa hemp- ndipo chifukwa chake sikutsutsana ndi 2018 Farm Bill§ IOI14 (b).

7 USC § 1639p (f) (kutsindika).

Izi zikuthandizira kupangidwa kwa hemp mdera kapena boma lomwe boma kapena mtundu wawo sunakhale ndi pulani yololedwa ndi AMA § 297B. Izi zavomereza kuti, pazochitika zotere, kupanga kwa hemp mu Boma kapena Teititory ya Tribal kumakhalabe kosavomerezeka ngati atapangidwa mwina malinga ndi dongosolo la Dipatimenti pansi pa AMA § 297C or malinga ndi malamulo ena a Federal, ndipo Boma kapena fuko sililetsa mwanjira ina kupanga kwake.

Chilankhulo chomveka bwino cha mutu wa G wa AMA, monga wowonjezeredwa ndi 2018 Farm Bill, zikuwonekeratu momveka bwino momwe hemp sinapangidwire pansi pa pulani ya 297B yovomerezeka kapena pansi pa layisensi yoperekedwa ndi Dipatimenti ya 297C, komabe opangidwa mwalamulo pansi

"Malamulo ena aboma." Ndikulingalira kuti "malamulo ena a Federal" akuphatikiza 2014 Bill Bill

  • 7606.16

Kudziwa kwanga, lisanakhazikitsidwe 2014 Farm Bill§ 7606, CSA inali lamulo lokhalo la Federal lomwe limaloleza kupanga hemp. Zowonadi, kupanga hemp- ngati "kupanga" kwa ndandanda yomwe ndimayang'anira zinthu - nthawi zambiri kunali koletsedwa pansi pa CSA kupatula pamlingo wovomerezeka polembetsa kapena kuchotsera pansi pa CSA. Onani 21 USC

  • Kamutu: 802 (15), 802 (22), 822, ndi 823; 21 CFR paJt 1301. Popeza (1) kuchotsedwa kwa hemp ngati chinthu chowongoleredwa pansi pa CSA, (2) kuchedwetsa kuchotsedwa kwa ulamuliro wa 2014 Fann Bill§ 7606, ndi (3) kukhazikitsidwa kwa oyang'anira atsopano opanga hemp pamutu G wa AMA, ndikuganiza kuti "malamulo ena aku Federal" amatanthauza zomwe zikuperekedwa mu 2014 Bill Bill
  • 7606, zomwe zikugwirabe ntchito. Kumasulira kotereku kumapangitsa mawu oti "malamulo ena aboma" kugwira ntchito nthawi yomweyo. Ndi "mfundo yayikulu yomasulira yomwe ma couJts ayenera kupereka. Zotsatira, ngati zingatheke, m'chigawo chilichonse ndi mawu amalamulo." Onani, mwachitsanzo, Loughrin v. United States, 573 US 351, 358 (2014) (zolemba zamkati ndi mawu osiyidwa) asiyidwa. ·

Chifukwa chake, kuwerenga AMA§ 297B (f) mogwirizana ndi 2018 Faim Bill§ 10114 (b), ngati hemp itapangidwa mwalamulo malinga ndi 2014 Farm Bill§ 7606 ("malamulo ena a Federal"), ndiye, viJtue of AMA § 297B (f), kupanga kwake sikuletsedwa. Hmp yotereyi ikadapangidwa "molingana ndi kamutu ka G," kamene kamayankhula za scenaifo yotere, monga AMA

  • 297B (f) ndi gawo la mawu ang'onoang'ono G. Chifukwa chake, pansi pa 2018 Farm Bill§ 10114 (b), Boma kapena India

16 Kuti Congress yomwe idawonera zoterezi zikuwoneka kuti idapatsidwa chilankhulo mu 2018 Fann Bill§ 7605 (b} ikuchedwetsa kubwezeretsedwa kwa2014 Farm Bill Farm 7606 mpaka miyezi 12 pambuyo Mlembi akhazikitsa dongosolo la 297C. Chifukwa chake, kutanthauzaku sikungalepheretsedwe ndi AMA§ 1C (c) (l), yomwe imati: "[i] n ngati boma kapena India lomwe fuko la State kapena Tribal silivomerezedwa malinga ndi gawo la 297B, Kusaloledwa kupanga ma hemp m'boma limenelo kapena magawo khumi amtundu wachi India wopanda chilolezo choperekedwa ndi Secretary pansi pa gawo (b). " Popeza kutchulidwa kwa "kapena malamulo ena a Federal" mu AMA § 297B (f) (l) - ndikuti 297 Farm Bill§ 2014 ikugwirabe ntchito

- kungakhale kuwerenga kosamveka kwa AMA §297C (c) (J) kunena kuti hemp yopangidwa molingana ndi malamulo a Federal (2014 Fann Bill § 7606), nthawi yomweyo, ndizosaloledwa popanda chilolezo chosiyana ndi Secretary pansi pa dongosolo la 297C. Monga ma com1 adazindikira kale, kutanthauzira kwamalamulo komwe "kumabweretsa zotsatira zopanda nzeru kuyenera kukhala amapewa kutanthauzira kwamtengo wapatali mogwirizana ndi cholinga chalamulo. ” Griffin v. Oc_eanic Makontrakitala, Inc., 458 US 564,575 (1982).

fuko silingaletse kutumizidwa kapena kutumizidwa kwa zomwe zimatchedwa "01 Farm Bill hemp" kudzera kudera lachigawo kapena Fuko.17

Zochitika Zaposachedwa

Ndikuvomereza kuti izi zikutsutsana ndi lingaliro laposachedwa pamlandu wina m'boma la Idaho, komanso zikugwirizana ndi lingaliro laposachedwa pamlandu wina ku Southern District ku West Virginia. Palibe khothi lomwe lidalankhula chilankhulo cha "malamulo ena aboma" mu AMA § 297B (f) (l), zomwe ndikuwona kuti ndizotsimikizika.

In Big Sky Science Science LLC v. Jdaho State Police, Mlandu Nambala 19-CV-00040 (D. Idaho), woweruza woweruza milandu adapeza kuti kutumiza kwa OregoI1 hemp komwe kumapita ku Colorado ndikulamulidwa ndi apolisi a Idaho State sikukadatha kupangidwa "malinga ndi mutu wa G" chifukwa Boma zoyambira zilibe pulani yovomerezeka rn1der AMA § 297B ndipo Secretary sanakhazikitse dongosolo pansi pa AMA § 297C.18 Matigari adavomereza lamulo la Oregon lololeza kulima hemp, ndikuti amaneneza kuti hemp idapangidwa ndi wopatsa chilolezo ndi Oregon department of Agriculture (ndipo, motero, mwakuyenera kutsatira 2014 Fann Bill§ 7606 zofunika).19 Komabe, pokana pempho la omwe akudandaula kuti akhazikitse lamulo loyambirira, woweruza milandu adatsimikiza kuti, pokhazikitsa lamulo la 2018 Farm Bill, Congress idafuna "kukhazikitsa njira zoyendetsera ntchito yopanga ndi kutumiza maiko akunja kwa malamulo a feduro, ndi chimango ipezeka mu ndondomeko ya feduro (kapena yovomerezeka [S] tate kapena [T] nthiti) yopanga hemp yopezeka mu 2018 Fmm Bill. ”20 Ngakhale Boma la Zaulimi la 2018 limalola kuti ma hemp adutsedwe kudutsa mizera ya boma, abwanamkubwa woweruza amawotcha11 akukhazikitsa zikhalidwe zokhazo zomwe zimalamulidwa ndi lamulo la 2018 Farm Bill.21 Chifukwa chake, chifukwa malamulowa sanapezekepo, hempho yotsimikiziridwayo ikulamulidwa ndi lamulo la Idaho loletsa kufalikira kwake.

USDA siamadzulo mu Thambo Lalikulu mlandu, ndipo ofesi iyi siyigwirizana ndi zomwe abwanamkubwa amafotokoza zokhudza kutumiza kwa hemp zovomerezeka mwalamulo la 2014 Farm Bill. Mu

Izi zikuwoneka kuti zikuthandizidwanso m'mbiri yamalamulo. Pofotokoza za mphamvu yoperekera ufuluwo, Report Report inati: "Ngakhale kuti [ma S] mati ndi mafuko aku India akhoza kuchepetsa kupanga ndi kugulitsa mankhwala a hemp ndi hemp m'malire awo, mamaneja, ku Sec. 17 [sic], adagwirizana kuti asalole mateti [amwenye] ndi mafuko aku India kuti achepetse mayendedwe kapena kutumiza kwa hemp kapena hemp kudzera ku [S] tate kapena Indian territ10112y. ” HR REP. Na. 01-115, pa 1072 (738). Makamaka, Oyang'anira amatchula hemp kawirikawiri, osati hemp yokha yopangidwa pansi pa pulani yomwe idapangidwa pamutu wa G wa AMA.

18 Onani Big Sky, ECF Doc. # 32, Chisankho cha Memorandum ndi Order Re: Plaintiffs Motion for Preliminary Injement; onaninso ECF Doc. # 6, Chisankho cha Memorandum ndi Order Re: Plaintiffs Emergency Motion for temporary temporary Reraining Order and Preliminary lltjement and Plaintiffs Motion to File Overlength Brunch (akupezeka pa 2019 WL 438336 (Feb 2, 2019).

19 Thambo Lalikulu, ECF Doc. # 32, pa 5, 7-8.

20 Id ku 3.

21 Id pa 19-26.

pomasulira chilankhulo chalamulo, woweruzayo adazindikira molondola mfundo yovomerezeka yomanga malamulo kuti malamulowo asamasuliridwe "m'njira yomwe ingapangitse kuti malamulo ena omwewa akhale osagwirizana, opanda tanthauzo, kapena opitilira muyeso." 1 Komabe, zikuwoneka kuti akunyalanyaza izi Kutsogolera kutanthauzira, woweruzayo sanatchule zotsatira za chilankhulo cha "malamulo ena a Federal" mu AMA § 22B (f) kapena kuyesa kupatsa chilankhulo chilichonse tanthauzo. Khothi ku Idaho linalephera kuwerenga lamuloli kwathunthu ndipo silinaganizirepo za "malamulo ena a Federal" omwe ndimawona kuti ndiwotsimikizika. Popeza chigamulo choyambirira cha woweruza milandu chinali choyambirira, ndimawona kuti malingaliro ake akukana lamulo loyambirira kukhala losavomerezeka.297

Mosiyana, kutanthauzira kwa 2018 Farm Bill § 10114 yoyendetsedwa ndi lingaliro lamalamulo lino kumagwirizana ndi lingaliro lomwe linaperekedwa ku Southern District of West Virginia. Mu United States v. Mallory, Mlanduwu N. 18-CV-1289 (SDW Va.), \ Oepmtment of Justice idapereka chigamulo chaku boma kuti alande hemp yemwe akuwoneka kuti wakula motsutsana ndi CSA komanso kunja kwa chiwonetsero cha 2014 Fann Bill. Pazochitika izi anali mkulu wa opanga ovomerezeka ndi State of West Virginia mchaka cha 2014 Fmm Bill§ 7606, pomwe mbewu za hemp zidatumizidwa kuchokera ku Kentucky woperekera chilolezo ndi Commonwealth of Kentucky pansi pa Bill Farm wa 2014

  • Pulogalamu yoyendetsa 7606. Khotilo lidadalira kuphatikiza malamulo - 2014 Bill Bill, ndalama zomwe zimaperekedwa ku boma, 24 ndi 2018 Bill Bill - kuthetsa lamulo loyambirira motsutsana ndi wotsutsayo 25 ndikuchotsa kwathunthu mlandu waboma. 26 Pothetsa lamuloli , khotilo lidapereka mwayi kwa omwe akumutsutsawo kuti atenge mankhwala a hemp kudutsa mizere ya State kupita ku Pennsylvania kukakonza ndikugulitsa

Ngakhale Mallory Khothi silinakhale ndi mwayi wothana ndi zoyesayesa zilizonse zaboma zoletsa mayendedwe a hemp, khotilo linatchula za 2018 Fmm Bill § 10114, podziwa kuti "amalola hemp, mbewu zake, ndi hemp, zopangidwa kuti zizinyamulidwa kudutsa mizere ya State. ”28 Malingaliro a woweruza chigawo adalankhula za hemp yomwe idapangidwa mu 2014 Fann Bill§ 7606 osati hemp yopangidwa malinga ndi dongosolo la State, Tribal, kapena Depmtmental. Mapeto omwe a Alireza Khothi likugwirizana ndi malingaliro anga onse omwe States singatseke kutumiza kwa hemp, kaya

22 Id pa 21-22 (osonyeza Padash v. I.NS., 258 F.3d ll61, 1170-71 (9th Cir. 2004)). Matigari anapitiliza:

Ndi lamulo lakhazikitsidwe kamakonzedwe kazinthu kamomwe malamulo amayenera, pazonse, kukhala chomwecho zimamveka kuti, ngati it zitha kupewedwa, palibe mawu, chiganizo, kapena mawu omwe adzakhala opanda pake, opanda, kapena zopanda pake. … Ndiudindo wathu kupereka, ngati kuli kotheka, m'mbali iliyonse ndi mawu amalamulo.

Id pa 23 (zowerenga zamkati ndi mawu osiyidwa).

23 Zowonadi, kubangula kwa woweruza kuli pempho. Mwawona Big Sky Sci. LLC v. Bennetts, Mlanduwu Na. 19-35138 (9 Cir.).

24 Onani supra mawu am'munsi 10.

25 Mal / olJ ', ECF Doc. # 60, Maumboni a Memorandum and Order, 2019 WL 252530 (SDW Va. Jan. 17, 2019).

26 Mal / wanga, BCF Doc. # 72, Maumboni a Memorandum and Order, 2019 WL 1061677 (SDW Va. Mar. 6, 2019).

27 Mal / o, y, BCF Doc. # 60, 2019 WL 252530, ku * 3.

28 Malo, BCF Doc. # 72, 2019 WL 1061677, ku * 6:

Page 12

kuti hemp imapangidwa pansi pa 2014 Faim Bill kapena pansi pa State, Tribal, kapena departmental plan w1der the 2018 Bill Bill. Ndi chigamulo chomaliza cha chigawo chakumwera cha West Virginia ng'ombe, osati chigamulo choyambirira monga lingaliro la District ofldaho magistrate.29

Pankhani yakumasulira kwamalamulo, zolemba zake zimalamulira. Wina ayenera kuwerenga lembalo lonse ndikupatsa tanthauzo la tanthauzo la eve1y. Kutchulidwa kwa "malamulo ena a Federal" kuyenera kuperekedwa tanthauzo, ndipo chilankhulochi chimatanthauza lamulo la Federal lomwe likuloleza kupanga hemp - 2014 Fann Bill § 7606. Chifukwa chake, hemp yopangidwa pansi paulamuliro woyendetsa ndegeyo ndi hemp yopangidwa molingana ndi kamutu kakang'ono ka G ka AMA. Mayiko ndi amwenye sangathe kulepheretsa kutumizidwa kapena kutumizidwa kwa hemp kudzera mderalo. ·

D.           Zoletsa za Malo Akulimidwa kwa Famu ya 2018 pa Kupanga kwa Hemp kochokera kwa A Felons Ena.

Bill Farm ya 2018 idawonjezeranso njira yatsopano yothanirana ndi kuthekera kwa anthu omwe adapezeka olakwa kuti apange hemp. Bill Faim ya 2014 sikhala chete pankhaniyi. AMA§ 297B (e) (3) (B) (pambuyo pake, "Felony provision"), monga akuwonjezera 2018 Farm Bill, amapereka:

(B) FELONY.—

  • MU CHENJEZO-Pokhapokha monga momwe zalembedwera (ii), munthu aliyense yemwe ali ndi mlandu wokhudza a katundu wolamulidwa ndi State kapena Federal Law · isanachitike, ku, kapena pambuyo tsiku lokhazikitsidwa kwa izi mawu ang'onoang'ono sichidzakhala chobisika, nthawi ya zaka I0 kuyambira tsiku lokhudzidwa

(!) kutenga nawo mbali mu pulogalamu yomwe idakhazikitsidwa pansi pa gawo ili kapena gawo 297C; ndi

(II) kupanga hemp pansi pa malamulo kapena malangizo aliwonse omwe aperekedwa pansi pa gawo 297D (a).

  • -Chisankho (i) sichigwira ntchito kwa munthu aliyense amene ali ndi chilolezo chovomerezeka mwalamulo; kulembetsa, + kapena chilolezo pansi pa pulogalamu yoyendetsa ndege yovomerezedwa ndi gawo 7606 la Agriculture Act of2014 (7 USC 5940) kale tsiku loti akhazikitse izi.

7 USC § l 639p (e) (3) (B) (kutsindika kuwonjezeredwa). Maumboni onena za "tsiku lokhazikitsa mutuwu" ndi a mutu wa G wa AMA, monga adawonjezera gawo 10113 la 2018 Fann Bill. Chifukwa chake, "tsiku lokhazikitsa mutuwu" ndi tsiku lokhazikitsidwa kwa Bill Farm wa 2018 Disembala 20, 2018.

Pofotokozera za Felony, the Report Report ikuti:

Aliyense amene wakupezeka ndi mlandu wokhudzana ndi chinthu cholamulidwa sangakhale ndi mwayi wogwira nawo ntchito [S] kapena [T] nthito ya nthawi yayitali JO ikatha tsiku lomangidwa. Komabe, izi sizingagwire ntchito kwa opanga omwe akhala akulolera mwalamulo pulogalamu ya S [t] tate hemp monga idalolezedwa ndi Agricultural Act ya 2014, asanavomereze izi. Zikhulupiriro zotsatila pambuyo poti lamulo lakhazikitsidwa izi zidzapangitsa kuti ndili ndi zaka 0

29 Malo, BCF Doc. # 72, 2019 WL l 06 I677, pa * 9 (kukana lingaliro la United States kuti lisinthe ndikupereka lingaliro la omwe akuwatsutsa kuti achotse). Thambo Lalikulu, BCF Doc. # 32, pa 28 (kukana zoyimbira kuti zikhale gawo la preliminaiy ndikumawona kuti comt ipereka padera kukhazikitsa msonkhano wokonzekera mlandu kuti upite patsogolo).

Page 13

nthawi yosachita nawo chidwi kaya opanga nawo nawo nawo adavomerezedwa mu 2014.

HR REP. Ayi. 115-1072, pa 737 (2018).

Mwachidule, munthu woweruzidwa ndi boma kapena Federal felony yokhudzana ndi chinthu cholamulidwa - ngakhale atatsutsidwa liti - sangayenere kupanga hemp pansi pamutu wa G wa AMA kwa zaka i0 kutsatira tsiku loti aweruzidwe. Kupatula kulipo m'ndime (ii) yamalamulo a Felony omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwa munthu amene anali kupanga hemp movomerezeka pansi pa 2014 Farm Bill kale Disembala 20, 2018, komanso yemwe adatsutsidwa ndi mlandu wazinthu zomwe zisanafike tsikulo. Mayiko aku India ndi Amwenye tsopano ali ndi mwayi] Kutsimikiza ngati munthu amene akufuna kupanga hemp mu thati § t kudya kapena m'dera la Tribal ali ndi zikhulupiriro zilizonse za Federal kapena State zokhudzana ndi zinthu zomwe zingapangitse kuti munthuyo asayenerere kupanga hemp.

  • NKHANI ZINA

Pali zinthu ziwiri zofunika kwambiri pankhaniyi zomwe zikufunika kutsindika.

Choyamba, Boma la Zaulimi la 2018 limasunga ulamulilo wa States ndi mafuko aku India kuti akhazikitse ndikukhazikitsa malamulo okhazikitsa kupanga kwa hemp omwe amakhala olimba kwambiri kuposa malamulo a Federal. Onani AMA

  • 297B (a) (3) (7 USC § 1639p (a) (3)) ("Palibe chilichonse m'chigawo chino chomwe chimayesa kapena kuletsa malamulo aliwonse aboma kapena amwenye omwe… (i) amayang'anira kupanga hemp; ndipo (ii) ) ndizovuta kwambiri kuposa mutuwu. ”). Mwachitsanzo, boma likhoza kupitilizabe kuletsa kukula kwa hemp mdzikolo. 30 Monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, komabe, ngakhale dziko kapena mtundu waku India ungaletse kupanga hemp, sangaletse kutumizidwa kwa ma hemp komwe kuli Zapangidwa molingana ndi malamulo a Federal.

Chachiwiri, 2018 Faim Bill sikukhudza kapena kusintha mphamvu ya Secretary of Health and Human Services ("HHS Secretary" ·) kapena Commissioner of Food and Drugs ("FDA · · Commissioner") motsogozedwa ndi Federal Food, Drug, and Zodzikongoletsera Act (21 USC § 301 et seq.) Ndi gawo 351 la Public Health Service Act (42 USC § 262). Onani AMA§ 297D (c) (7 USC

  • 1639r (c)). Pomwe AMA§ 297D (b) ikupereka kuti Secretary of Agriculture azikhala ndi "mphamvu zokhazokha" zoperekera malangizo ndi malangizo aku Federal okhudzana ndi kupanga hemp; Ulamulirowu umayang'aniridwa ndi Mlembi wa HHS ndi FDA Commissioner kuti akhazikitse malamulo ndi malangizo a Federal malinga ndi malamulowa. 7 USC Kamutu 1639r (b).

3 ° Maiko ena akupitirizabe kuletsa kulima kwa hemp.  Onani Msonkhano Wapadziko Lonse Wanyumba Yamalamulo Aboma, ”State Indu mayesero a Hemp Statistics,” ilipo http:// www.Zamgululi l. kapena  /ofufuza  h/ agriculnthawi-ndi-nthawil- Kukula / boma-· indus trial-hemp-statmakuponix # stadadya (yasinthidwa Feb. I, 2019).

  1. POMALIZA 

Ndasanthula zopereka za hemp zomwe zidakhazikitsidwa ngati Patt ya 2018 Fann Bill ndikufika pamalingaliro otsatirawa:

  1. Ponena za kukhazikitsidwa kwa 2018 Fatm Bill pa Disembala 20, 2018, hemp yachotsedwa mu dongosolo I la CSA ndipo salinso kuwongolera
  2. USDA itafalitsa malamulo okhudzana ndi ntchito yopanga hemp ya Fatm Bill ya 2018 yomwe ili pamutu wa G wa AMA, States ndi mafuko aku India sangaletse tl1e interstate Trans01tation kapena kutumiza kwa hemp movomerezeka mosavomerezeka pansi pa dongosolo la State kapena Tribal kapena pansi pa layisensi yomwe yaperekedwa pansi pa Depattmental                             i;
  3. Maiko aku America ndi India sangatiletse kulowa pakati kapena kutumiza kwa hemp movomerezeka mwalamulo ku 2014 Famu
  4. Munthu wokhala ndi boma kapena Federal felony yokhudzana ndi chinthu cholamulidwa amaloledwa kuletsa zaka 10 kuletsa kupanga hemp molamulidwa ndi G ya AMA. Kupatula kumakhudzana ndi munthu yemwe anali movomerezeka kumakulitsa hemp pansi paulimi wa 2014 Famu pamaso pa Disembala 20, 2018, komanso yemwe chigamulo chake chidachitikanso tsikulo lisanafike.

Boma la Famu la 2018 likusunga ulamulilo wa States ndi mafuko aku India kuti akhazikitse ndikukhazikitsa malamulo omwe amayang'anira kupanga kwa hemp omwe ndi okhwimitsa malamulo a Federal. Kuphatikiza apo, ilie 2018 Farm Bill sikukhudza kapena kusintha ulamuliro wa Mlembi wa HHS kapena FDA Commissioner kuti ayang'anire hemp pansi pa malamulo a FDA.

Tikuwonani sabata yamawa ndi Nkhani zambiri za Cannabis!

Kumbukirani kulembetsa. @ https://www.youtube.com/cannabislegalizationnews

 

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Thomas Howard

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Mukufuna Woyimira milandu pa Bizinesi Yanu?

Maloya athu amabizinesi a cannabis nawonso ndi eni mabizinesi. Titha kukuthandizani kukonza bizinesi yanu kapena kuthandizira kuyiteteza ku malamulo olemetsa kwambiri.

loya wa makampani a cannabis

316 SW Washington St, PA Chotsatira 1A Peoria, PA
IL 61602, USA
Tiyimbireni 309-740-4033 || Kutitumizira Imelo tom@collateralbase.com

loya wa makampani a cannabis

150 S. Wacker Dr,
Maulendo 2400 Chicago IL, 60606, USA
Tiitanani 312-741-1009 || Kutitumizira Imelo tom@collateralbase.com

loya wa makampani a cannabis

316 SW Washington St, PA Chotsatira 1A Peoria, PA
IL 61602, USA
Tiyimbireni 309-740-4033 || Kutitumizira Imelo tom@collateralbase.com

loya wa makampani a cannabis

150 S. Wacker Dr,
Maulendo 2400 Chicago IL, 60606, USA
Tiitanani 312-741-1009 || Kutitumizira Imelo tom@collateralbase.com

loya wa makampani a cannabis

316 SW Washington St, Peoria,
IL 61602, USA
Tiyimbireni (309) 740-4033 || Kutitumizira Imelo tom@collateralbase.com
Nkhani Zamakampani a Cannabis

Nkhani Zamakampani a Cannabis

Lembetsani kuti mupeze zatsopano pamsika wama cannabis. Zimaphatikizapo zokhazokha zomwe zidangogawana ndi omwe adalembetsa.

Mwatha!

Gawani